Tuesday, 25 February 2014

All the shots i used listed in order

  1. medium shot
  2. close-up
  3. long-shot
  4. long-shot
  5. long-shot
  6. mid-shot
  7. close-up
  8. extreme close-up
  9. close-up
  10. mid-shot
  11. extreme close-up
  12. medium shot
  13. extreme close-up
  14. medium shot
  15. extreme close-up
  16. medium shot panning to long- shot
  17. extreme long-shot
  18. long-shot
  19. long-shot
  20. long-shot
  21. close-up from above angled downwards
  22. over shoulder shot angled downwards (shows he's above her, makes her look in danger)
  23. mid-shot to long shot panning as they walk round
  24. long-shot from behind
  25. long-shot
  26. low shot angled upwards (long-shot)
  27. over shoulder shot (mid shot) to show the other talking
  28. over shoulder shot (mid shot) to show the other characters reaction
  29. mid-shot (shows someone behind)
  30. medium shot over the shoulder of Robert Grayson
  31. high angled shot, angled downwards (long shot) shows her running away and setting

The Run - Opening scene

The final version of the video:

This link and video below is the final/finished version of our opening sequence: 
The unfinished version of the video:
This video and link below is the unfinished version of our film.

There are two links as i thought it would be best to show how it was and then how it developed after, therefore you can see how it has improved. You can also see that the first link shows loud wind, and my second link shows that i managed to edit this out.

Institutions research

Eon Productions
Founded: 1961

Eon productions which stands for Everything Or Nothing, is owned by MGM a major film company. This company is based in London Piccadilly, and also operates from Pinewood studios in the United Kingdom. This particular production company is well known for creating the James Bond series, with Danjaq. Due to the production company being most well known for the Bond series, they are more likely to produce action films rather than psychological thrillers. However, psychological thrillers include a lot of action which might appeal to them if they were to distribute our film.

Eon Productions and Dajaq productions produced a well known movie together called Skyfall, a James Bond movie. This movie earned £620 million at the box office, and on opening weekend it got $80.6 million, doing better than any other previous bond films. This movie made a massive $951 million worldwide, having a budget of $200,000,000 meant that Eon Productions and Dajaq was able to produce a great movie.

However, Eon Productions isn’t as big as Century Fox, therefore they could not produce their film alone, and had to use other people to distribute their film such as: Columbia Pictures and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

There are six very well known film institutions, which include: Warner Bros, Paramount studios, Song pictures, Walt Disney pictures,  Universal Pictures and finally,20thCentury Fox. These six insititutons are very important as they provide money for films to be made, therefore without them small film companies wouldn’t be able to have enough money to make a decent film. There is an issue with film insitituions funding a film, which is that they are likely to want to have complete control over the movie.

Warner Bros
Founded: 1903

It was formed by three brothers and was one of the first ever production companies to make films with dialogue in. Warner Bros are good as they have created a very wide range of movies, from Harry Potter to Slumdog Millionaire. This institution is known for creating movies with a high budget, in order to make a lot of money. Their films are global and therefore they must appeal to a wide range of audiences, which is why they create films of many different genres such as:

Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 1 co-production with Heyday Films

Yogi Bear, co-production with Sunswept Entertainment, De Line Pictures and Rhythm and Hues Studios

The Rite - distribution only, produced by New Line Cinema and Tribeca Productions

Unknown- co-production with Dark Castle Entertainment and Studio Babelsberg

Hall Pass - distribution only, produced by New Line Cinema and Conundrum Entertainment

Red Riding Hood co-production with Appian Way Productions

Sucker Punch co-production with Legendary Pictures and Cruel and Unusual Films

Paramount Studios

Paramount Studios is another major production company who was founded in 1916. Paramount is one of the oldest film institutions. Steven Spielberg is a partner with Paramount and is well known due to being one of the leading film directors in Hollywood, and he has been a major contributor to Paramount’s success. Paramount is not only one of the biggest film institutions, but is also one of the biggest earning companies. They make a wide range of genres of films, similar to Warner Bros, such as: 'War of the Worlds', 'Mission Impossible', 'Shutter Island', 'Paranormal Activity'.

Sony Pictures Sony pictures is another well-known film institution , it owns Columbia Pictures, which is a much more well known company which is why it is so big. They also own Tristar Pictures which is less well known, but still widely appreciated by many people. Due to people knowing them for their gaming and electronic products, people trust them, and therefore even though they aren’t as well known, many people still see their movies as they know of their other products. For example, they also advertise their films through their gaming products such as the ps4. Examples of films by Sony Pictures: Spiderman, Hancock, The social network, Men in black.

Walt Disney Pictures

Walt Disney Pictures is a media conglomerateone as it sells toys, creates books, makes films and also has its own theme park. It is also the most famous out of all six, due to people knowing the production company as they watched their films growing up. Walt Disney Pictures are commonly known for children/family movies as animations and cartoons. However, this company have also started to make different genres of films such as Pirates Of The Caribbean which is an action movie,this allows them to reach out to a wider variety of audience such as teenagers and adults. Some of the well known institutions they own are Pixar and Marvel. Pixar and Marvel both concentrate on the quality of the film rather than how many they make, making them as exciting as possible. This entices a large audience as they wait for their next movie to come out as they know it will only be as great as the last. Some films they have created: Finding Nemo, Pirates Of The Carribean, Tangled, Thor, Bambi.
20th Century Fox

20th Century Fox

20th Century Fox, is another well-known institution, although it started a later than other major film companies. This particular institution is owned by a news corporation, this helps them get publicity as their name is well known for other things as well. As they are owned by a news corporation, it means that they get their money largely from other projects instead of just films, similar to Sony. They also own a television channel the same as Disney, they have even started to make some of their shows into movies, for example The Simpsons Movie. They create movies of different genres like many other of the most well known institutions, for example: Star wars, Die hard, Titanic, X-Men, Marley And Me, Alien.

Universal Pictures

 Finally, Universal Pictures which is another of the major 6 institutions. This particular company also runs different projects such as theme parks around America, which they use to promote their business, like Disney World does. Like many other film companies, they produce a large range of different genres, to appeal to a wider audience. Similar to Warner Bros and Paramount, they are also in it for the money by appealing to a large number of people. However, they are able to achieve bringing out very successful movies such as: Jaws, King Kong, Despicable me, Mamma Mia!. 

The film institution that is most likely to produce our film would be a film company that produces lots of different movies such as Universal and Paramount. However, due to them being so big, they would want to change parts of our storyline to make it more of a film that would sell. Therefore, I would instead like Warner Bros to be the one to produce our film as they produced Harry Potter which is one of my favourite films. I also know from research from my own interest that the writer of the Harry Potter books, J.K Rowling had a bit part in the production of the films, being able to choose actors to play the characters and also being able to decide what scenes should be included and what scenes shouldn’t. 

Friday, 14 February 2014



I created this storyboard so that when filming we knew what shots to take.

Looper opening scene

Looper opening scene clip: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T8pApMdCTyE

This opening scene clip that I found was only 52 seconds long, however I have seen this whole film and thoroughly enjoyed it as it's complex and captivating.  When it jumps from one shot to another you find yourself intrigued.

The first thing you see is the title sequence, the title sequence is in plain black and white, this simplicity differs from the complexity of the film as the film alone is hard to follow. "Endgame Entertainment Presents" is the first title that is written, and afterwards is the title "In association with DMG Entertainment" this is also in black and white, again very simplistic. I personally believe that this title sequence is short as this film is about time, and therefore the shot title sequence is used to show that time is also short, therefore, so is the titles.

As soon as you get the first shot, it is a close-up of a pocket watch. The person that is holding the pocket watch opens it to look at the time. This shot is thoroughly important as it immediately shows you the most important aspect of a film which is time, similar to ours which shows the phone which is one of the most important aspects of our film as it foreshadows something happening later on in the film. As soon as you see the pocket watch and as soon as the shot begins, you hear a ticking noise, this is diegetic sound that is used to add emphasis on certain noises to either add tension or to make the audience aware of something. In this case, it is to make the audience aware of the pocket watch. The pocket watch is the enigma code as you aren't quite sure what it is to do with the film, however you know it is important as it's the first shot you see.

The next shot after this is a medium shot of the characters face, here you see what the character looks like and also behind him, you can see part of the scenery which gives the audience an idea of where he is.  He is also speaking words of a different language when you first see him, showing that he might be learning a new language for a reason that the audience are unsure of.

You then see a panning shot that moves so it's behind the character, this particular shot lets you stay in the moment of listening to the character while also being shown the location he is in. He then begins to get up and you see him pick up a gun, this is strange as you wouldn't expect someone to have a gun in an area like this as it's seems a peaceful place. The character stands up and aims his gun at the mat before him, this makes you realise that when he was looking at his pocket watch earlier that he must have been waiting for someone to turn up.

Suddenly, a man turns up with a bag over his head with his hands tied together. This mans face cannot be seen, which poses the question of "who is he?" however, we assume the man he has just killed was bad as the main character is likely to be a protagonist. As soon as the man with the bag over his head arrives, he screams as if he already knows what's going to happen. Next a gun is fired this is diegetic sound as they make the gunshot louder in order to scare he audience and add emphasis on the gun.

The main character then strolls up to the man and puts the gun down, the casual way in which this is done makes him seem as if he does this type of shooting all the time, as if it was part of his everyday routine.

Then the title of the film is shown which is "Looper".  The title sequence was done by looping the two 'O's' together, this is clever as the film is called Looper and the O's are looped connecting them  together. This is different from the first two titles which at the beginning are short representing time being short, however this one uses a loop on the O's which is similar to the infinity symbol which signifies something going on forever. The title sequence is again in black and white which is plain. Because the title is plain however it allows you to focus on the bold words which stand out to you, these being the only things that capture your attention.

Audience feedback to viewing our film

Video version: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AeY5kTKmwsU

The first time I chose to show our film was when I were still developing and editing our film, our film at this point was one minute long. I decided to show a group of students within our class the footage we had at this time in editing as we will still be able to make the changes and developments that they suggest. I thought this was a good idea as if I showed the film to the class once it was finished, they might give me criticism, and if they gave us criticism we might not be able to change it as it's too close to our deadline to develop the film.


1) Difference between shots

One student pointed out that it was hard to tell the difference between the flashback shots and the present day shots  even with the voice overs in. Another mentioned that the flashbacks are too similar to the shots in the present as they are both running or pacing shots. To make them different I have decided to change some of the flashback shots to still, close-up shots. This way you can tell the difference between the present day and flashback shots as one will be still and the other will be action and pacing.

2) Starting shot

A student thought that our starting shot was confusing as that's the first thing you see. This was confusing to the audience as there was no scene setting at the beginning, therefore you don't know where she is, who she is, and what she looks like. This is an issue as if the audience are spending their time wondering these things they wont be focusing on the text she is sending as they are too busy wondering who she is. To change this we have decided to add a scene establishing shot of her walking to the graffiti wall and then taking our her phone, this then answers the question of where she is and what she looks like.

3) Voice over

I also haven't yet put on the voiceovers so it was hard for the audience to understand what was going on. Therefore, I decided to show them the script so that they could see what would be said in the voiceovers, therefore it would make more sense to them what's going on. To sort out this problem, we will properly write up the script and start recording the voiceovers earlier than we first decided.

Wednesday, 12 February 2014



Video version: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2NjkN5xTqhA 


We will be filming the opening scene in an alleyway, we are going to be filming it there because of the atmosphere we want to create. We will be filming this opening scene in the daylight, however we will be blocking out unnecessary light in editing in order to make the opening scene more dull to create an atmosphere of sadness.

There is an alleyway which is local to us which means we can easily go there to film the short scene. We didn’t want to film somewhere it would be busy, therefore we chose this alleyway as its not likely to be as occupied as most of the places we know. However, with the graffiti and the park setting, with the houses you can see that this is also a modern setting.

Most psychological thrillers tend to be set in places that you can relate to, they do this in order to add realism. Stereotypically, an alleyway is a scary place where people lurk who are normally have a bad reputation. Therefore the character in our opening scene is seen down an alleyway so the audience will perceive her as being a bad person, even though later on, you find out that she’s a victim. This is challenging conventions of a usual thriller genre as normally the person dressed in black and in an alley would be the antagonist, not the protagonist. We decided to film here as it shows realism, linking real life to this film, making the audience relate to it better. It's important that the audience can relate to our film as we are using a storyline that is based upon some events from real life. 

We chose this particular alleyway as it has trees and a wall with graffiti on it which means we can shoot from different angles and it looks like the main character is somewhere else. As our opening scene uses flashbacks, this means that we need different locations as she is running away, therefore having a location that includes many different parts to it means we don’t have to go around to different locations in order to film, we have them all in the same place instead, making this a dynamic location. 

For example, this was used as our alleyway:

And just round our corner we had this area of park which we used to film a flashback of her running from the mental institution:

 These two different photos show the versatility of our location and how dynamic it is as it can be seen as one place, and also somewhere completely different.

We think this location is good as the alleyway is dull in colour with lack of leaves due to the time we filmed (winter) which gives it a darker effect, adding to the mise-en-scene.

The lighting is quite dull, even though this was filmed during the day, the lighting being dull makes the audience feel as if this isn’t going to be a happy, setting up the scene.

As our opening scene is filmed during the day, it challenges conventions of psychological thrillers as they would normally be filmed when its getting dark to add the spooky feel to the mise-en-scene.

Sunday, 2 February 2014

Our target audience

For our research on psychological thrillers I looked at different clips from psychological thrillers and how they differ from one another, and why they have the particular rating they do. For my research I looked at clips from the cell and American Pyscho.

As our film is psychological thriller it usually includes a mental conflict usually within the main characters mind, therefore being more emotional which could attract a female audience. Psychological thrillers can cause the audience to be scared as some psychological thrillers include the element of horror which could attract a teenage or adult audience.

Due to the horror that occurs in psychological thrillers, the majority of psychological thrillers are an 18+. Psychological thrillers can also include violence which is another factor that would support why many psychological thrillers have a high age rating system.

The audience we are aiming to attract is a 15+ males and females who enjoy psychological thrillers. Our film has to be aimed at this age as it contains violence and a character who is mentally conflicted. However it will not have to be an 18+ or R rated movie as it will not contain death or any too disturbing scenes.

Furthermore, many people who watched our opening scene so far and who gave feedback in our questionnaires were aged around 15 - 18. Therefore we know that people around this age group would find our genre of movie appealing.

According to  http://www.iankingsley.com/articles/007-psychological-thrillers.php who wrote a psychological thriller called 'sandman', the most important aspects of a psychological thriller are the personality of the main character and how they think. Therefore due to this, our target audience have to be of a high age range to understand what the protagonist (good guy) would be thinking, and why they act the way they do.

Themes involved in psychological thrillers can include:
  • love triangles causing the main character distress
  • terrorism
  • murder
  • guilt and obsession
The characters in psychological films include:
  • criminals/convicts
  • assassins
  • or in our case, an innocent victim that is on the run
A 15+ certificate includes:
  • strong violence
  • drug use
  • sexual nudity or references
  • strong language
There can be risks in creating a movie aimed at a 15+ audience such as the issue that teenagers may copy what they have seen in the movie such a violence. However in a 15+ actions such as suicide and self-harm should not be focused on in great detail as it could be copied.